Transitions

Transitions

Transitions enable the flow of a speech. A speech without transitions often seems choppy, and can even seem unorganized. Many tools for transitions allow a speaker to reiterate the central ideas they are trying to express.

Transitional Phrases: A word or phrase that indicates when a speaker has finished one thought and is moving onto another one. EXAMPLES:

*However
*But
*Nevertheless
*On the contrary
*Because
*And
*Lastly
*Yet
*On the other hand

*In addition to being hilarious the office is also very entertaining. Consequently there have been many people who try to imitate Dwight, but none can even come close.

Internal Previews. Internal previews are more detailed then simple transitional phrases, but serve a similar function. While the preview in the introduction discloses to the audience the general points to be made in the speech, the internal preview outlines the critical points to be made within the body of the speech. Internal previews cue the audience to listen for the key elements within major points. Examples of internal previews include statements like "there are a couple of points I would like to make here," "there is both a problem and a solution to propose," or "there are several items to note in this section." Each of these statements might be followed by more detailed, though brief, explanations of what is to come in the speech.
EXAMPLES:

*I will be focusing on 2 main points-Why Jim and Pam should get married and why Michael Scott needs to get married.
*Before I get started I would like to go over the 3 best episodes of the office, and they are diversity day, beach day, and lastly casino night.

Internal Summaries. Internal summaries, in contrast to internal previews, review the key points a speaker just made. These regular summaries help the audience to remember the key points just articulated by the speaker. Examples of internal summaries include statements like "I have reviewed…," "Now that I have talked about a couple of the key points," or "to summarize briefly what was just discussed…" Each of these statements would be followed by more specific but still brief summaries. Internal summaries reinforce the key issues in the speech.
EXAMPLES:

*I hope I have made it clear that The Ofiice is the best show ever, because it is relative to the audience, it makes fun of so many different people but still gets away with it and it is just plain funny.

Signposts. Signposts are often the numerical indications of the main body points. Many speakers utilize "first, second, third" type numbering to indicate where they are in their speech. Signposts allow an audience to remember the key points and follow along in the speech. They serve to clearly distinguish main body points from each other and also from the introduction and conclusion. Sign posts can also be used as questions.
EXAMPLES:

*First I will discuss with you the importance of convincing everyone the greatness of The Office.
*To begin with, we must talk about how The Office came to be.
*Why do you think the Office is the number one show today?

Transitions are so important to a speech, without them the speech will most likely not be good.

A fun in class activity- Make an assortment of notecards with random words on all of them, like for example New york, moose, pizza, TV and candles. Then you would have a classmate come to the front of the room and pick a random card. The classmate would then talk about that card for a couple of seconds. Then the classmate would have to pick up another random card, and they would have to figure out how to transition from their first topic to their second topic. This is a good exercise to get the class thinking about transitions.

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